I've noted in earlier posts that there were no permanent black residents of Lucas County prior to the Civil War, but that soon thereafter a few families began to arrive in search of opportunity, as was the case with all pioneers.
George appears first in Lucas County records as a write-in candidate for city marshal during December of 1868. And then on April 3, 1869, he married Melvina (aka Elvina) Crowder here. George probably was 37-39 years old at the time and Melvina, age about 34 with a daughter, Mary, age 7.
The federal census-taker who came calling in Lucas County the next year found 17 men, women and children he considered "black" and 13 recorded as "mulatto" --- a total of 30. All lived in Chariton save one, a young man recorded twice, once in Chariton and once in Russell.
Recorded as black were Ann Wilcox, 28, born Mississippi, a servant in the Darius Wilcox household; Sally Thompson, 15, also born Mississippi, a servant in the George Lockwood household; Melissa Nance, 35, born Kentucky, a washerwoman with four daughters, Mary, Elise, Laura and Francis; William Mason, 39, a day laborer born in Ohio, enumerated with his wife, Priscilla, 40, and two others, Laura Price, 19, and William Price, 1, both born in Michigan; Rufus Allen, 51, a day laborer born in Virginia, and his son, Daniel, 18, a laborer born in Missouri; and the Todd family, consisting of George, Melvina, Mary and "Sis," George and Melvina's eldest daughter, Cora. Most of the families owned their own modest homes.
The mulatto families were those of George Scott, 30, born in Kentucky, no occupation given, and his wife, Susan, 34, also born Kentucky, and their four children, Napoleon, 17, born in Kentucky, and Anne, Mary and Walter, younger and born in Iowa; and Anderson Mason, 33, born Ohio and a barber, his wife, Nancy 28, and five children, Joseph, Mary, Charles, Wilkerson and Eddy.
It was Daniel Allen who was enumerated twice --- once in Chariton with his father, Rufus, and again in Russell, where he was employed by (and living with) the town miller, George C. Boggs and his wife, Martha.
I've written about Anderson Mason before, primarily because he is identified as the first person of color to vote in an election in Lucas County --- during December of 1868, just a month after Iowans had ratified an amendment to the 1857 Constitution that removed the provision limiting suffrage to white males. You'll find "Lucas County's first black voter: Anderson Mason" here and "Anderson Mason and the right to vote" here.
As a footnote to that election, four of the black residents enumerated in the 1870 census had received write-in votes in the December 1868 election --- Anderson Mason and George Scott, eight each for mayor; George Todd, five for marshal; and Rufus Allen, eight for county recorder.
So how did George Todd come to be in Iowa in the first place? It's my opinion, an opinion only, that he arrived via the underground railroad ca. 1862-1863. That's based largely on the fact he appears first in Iowa records in 1863 in Henry County, a hotbed of Quaker abolitionist and Underground Railroad activity centered on the village of Salem.
Iowa conducted a census during 1863 of all males subject to the draft for Civil War service. Among those enumerated in Henry County was "George Todd, 32, colored, laborer, single, born Missouri." That entry is dated July 30, 1863.